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Mongolian culture

 

Khuvsgul National Park

Khuvsgul National Park

National park area: 2500 hectare area

corso opzioni binarie gratis How to get there: Khuvsgul national park is located about 820 km from Ulaanbaatar city and 80 km from Murun city, capital of khuvsgul province. You can get there by jeep, local bus or airplane. By car or local bus, drive almost 2 days. By airplane, there are flight a every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday and flight lenght is 3 hours. 

come fare trading opzioni binarie Altitude: around 1645 meters above sea level

Things to do: kayaking, canoeing, hiking, trekking horse riding, boating, discover Tsaatan minority's way of life (reindeer people) and bird watching. 

Khuvsgul national park was designated as national park to protect the cultural and ecological integrity of the region, which has been jeopardized by miners and traders. The Lake area is a National Park bigger than Yellowstone and strictly protected as a transition zone between Central Asian Steppe and Siberian Taiga. Nudging into the belly of Siberia, the region is well known for its wild mountains with snow caped peaks, alpine lakes and shamanism cradle land. Taiga Fauna and Flora, Tsaatan, practicing reindeer breeding are the main attractions for tourist. 

Khuvsgul lake

Khuvsgul lake

Khuvsgul Lake is called “The Dark Blue Pearl” located among beautiful mountains and Mongolian largest and deepest lake and southern border of the great Siberian taiga forest, of which the dominant tree is the Siberian Larch. It is the second-most voluminous freshwater lake in Asia, and holds almost 70% of Mongolia's fresh water and 0.4% of all the fresh water in the world. The lake is surrounded by several mountain ranges. The highest mountain is the Bürenkhaan / Mönkh Saridag (3,492 m), which has its peak north of the lake exactly on the Russian-Mongolian border. The surface of the lake freezes over completely in winter. The ice cover gets strong enough to carry heavy trucks, so that transport routes were installed on its surface as shortcuts to the normal roads.

 

“Khuvsgul” Lake is 136 km long, 36 km wide, 267 m deep and 96 rivers and streams flow out of Khuvsgul, among them the Eg River, which then joins the Selenge along its eventual path to Lake Baikal Lake. It belongs to the same geological system as Baikal, only 250 kms away and the lake is called the sister lake of Baikal. Khuvsgul is one of seventeen ancient lakes worldwide more than 2 million years old and the most pristine and is the most significant drinking water reserve of Mongolia.

 

Fishing and sport fishing are becoming popular in the lake area. Hovsgol is an ultraoligotrophic lake with low levels of nutrients and primary productivity and high water clarity (secchi depths > 18 m are common). Hovsgol's fish community is species poor compared to that of Lake Baikal. Species of commercial and recreational interest include Eurasian perch, burbot, lenok, and the endangered endemic Hovsgol grayling. Though endangered by poaching during its spawning runs, the Hovsgol grayling is still abundant throughout much of the lake.

 

Lake Khuvsgul is on the important migration route for birds from Siberia. The Park is home to a variety of wildlife such as ibex, argali, elk, wolf, wolverine, musk deer, brown bear, Siberian moose and sable.

Tsaatan minority

Tsaatan minority

A distinct culture within Mongolian society, the Tsaatan practice a shamanistic religion and speak old Uighur dialects with one another. They use their reindeer not only to carry their belongings, but also for meat, milk, and clothing from animal hides. Some Tsaatan continue to live in yurts made of animal skin and primarily of birch bark that resembled the tepees of native-Americans in their appearance. A large yurt could be made of bark from up to 32 trees; a medium sized yurt from the bark of 23-25 trees. An opening of 2-3 meters in height allows access into the yurt, where a bag that houses the guardian spirits of a shaman rests in the rear. A traditional Tsaatan yurt will not have a bed, but rather a skin covering on the ground, upon which the family sleeps. A stove sits in the middle of the yurt.

 

Tsaatan dress is characterized by hats in the style of the Halkh people, and wide deels (traditional Mongolian overcoats). They wear strong and warm boots fabricated from the hides and sinew of their reindeer. To make it through the rugged winters, a family will slaughter two or three reindeer in order to store up food for the cold months. The food is hearty and delicious by most accounts. The Tsaa, the Mongolian reindeer themselves, have dictated the Tsataan’s way of life.

 

Some families bring their reindeer to the shores of Lake Khovsgol each summer, to partake in the tourist industry. However, this region is too warm for their animals and many become sick, or even die as a result as a result. Unfortunately, the Tsaatan and the Tsaa’s interconnected populations are dwindling due to climate change, the introduction of livestock which carry diseases, and the disappearance of the Tsaatan way of life.

 

There are only about 60 Tsaatan families, spread iver 100.000 sq.km of northern Mongolia. The Number of Tsaatan is totaling somewhere between 200 and 400 people. They ride, breed, milk, and live off of reindeer, though the reindeer population has dropped to approximately 600 since the 1970s, when it was an estimated 2000.

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