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Mongolian culture

 

Uvs Lake Strictly Protected area

Uvs Lake Strictly Protected area

Nationall Park Area: 712.545 hectare

خيار ثنائي تجريبي مسابقة 2016 Altitude: 760 m above the sea level

leiod opciones financieras How to get there: Uvs Nuur is located around 1500 km from Ulaanbaatar city and 30 km from Ulaangom, Capital city of Uvs Province. You can get there by Air and vehicle. By air, Eznis and Aero Mongolia are flies between Ulaangom and Ulaanbaatar on Thursday, Friday and Sunday. By vehicle, you could rent a jeep or vehicle and to get in Uvs lake for 2-3 days. 

köpa Viagra i tyskland Things to do: Trekking, Horse and Camel riding, rafting, kayaking, climbing, hiking, photographing, filming,

Great lake depression is globally important area of wetland for migratory birds and is a Unesco World Biosphere Reserve. Uvs Lake area known as Strictly Protected Area from 1994. This park is included four separate areas-Uvs Nuur, Turgen Uul, Tsagaan Shuvuut and Altan els. Between them, the protected areas contains everything from desert sand dunes to snowcapped high mountain and forest. Also this area is home of wild animals. Among them there is Snow leopard, foxes, wolves, deer and ibex. Some of them is recorded in Mongolian Red Book. The Uvs Lake Strictly Protected area is now Unesco's World Heritage Site. 

The Uvs Lake

The Uvs Lake

Uvs Lake is the largest saline lake (3,350 sq. km) in Mongolia and forms unique wetlands in the Great Lakes Depression. It is the largest lake in Mongolia by surface area, covering 3,350 km² at 759 m above sea level. The northeastern tip of the lake is situated in the Tuva Republic of the Russian Federation. This shallow and very saline body of water is a remainder of a huge saline sea which covered a much larger area several thousand years ago. The UNESCO is using the designation "Uvs Nuur site" as an umbrella term to summarize twelve separate clusters of protected sites, each a representative of a major eastern Eurasian biome. Its salinity varies between 3 and 35 mg/l. With its reed beds and freshwater river deltas it provides significant nesting and resting areas for numerous migratory species.

 

Uvs Nuur has a length of 84 km and a width of 79 km, with an average depth of 6 m. Its basin is separated from the rest of the Great Lakes Depression by the Khan Khökhii ridge. The main feeding rivers are the Baruntara Gol, Nariin Gol, and Tesiin Gol from Khangai Mountains in the east, and the Kharkhiraa River and Sangil Gol from the Altai Mountains in the west.

 

The Uvs Nuur Lake is the terminal basin for the Uvs Nuur Basin, which covers an area of 70,000 km² and represents one of the best-preserved natural steppe landscap es of Eurasia. The border between Mongolia and Russia runs through the northern periphery of the basin. Here the world's most northern desert meets the world's most southern tundra zone. Apart from the Uvs Nuur, the basin comprises several smaller lakes. As these lakes lie to the north of other inland seas of Central Asia, they are of key importance for waterfowl migration.

 

Because of this geographical situation, the Uvs Lake is subject to extreme climate fluctuations. Temperatures of – 40 °C are normal in winter, also – 58 °C are measured. In summer, the basin warms and the temperatures arrive + 40 °C. Uvs Lake underlies, compared to locations of the earth at the same altitude, both the coldest and the warmest as well as the driest conditions.

 

Since 1997, the Uvs-Nuur-Basin is recognised as UNESCO biosphere reserve and In 2003, the UNESCO listed the Uvs Nuur Basin as a natural World Heritage Site. It was nominated as "one of the largest intact watersheds in Central Asia where 40,000 archeological sites can be found from historically famous nomadic tribes such as the Scythians, the Turks and the Huns." This trans-boundary patrimony is one of the largest sites inscribed in the World Heritage List to date. In the areas of desert and mountain, rare animals as the Mongolian gerbil, the polar cat, the threatened snow leopard, the wild sheep as well as the Asiatic ibex.

The Fauna of Uvs Lake area

The Fauna of Uvs Lake area

41 species of mammal are recorded for the Mongolian portion. The mountainous Mongun Taiga, Tsagan Shuvuut and Turgen Uul are strictly protected areas, being the habitat of the snow leopard at the northern margin of its Mongolian range; also of Tartarian roe-deer, Altai argali, the world's largest sheep, and Altai marmot. There are also Siberian ibex, and musk deer, Pallas's cat (manul), Altai snow-cock, bearded and black. Typical tundra species are reindeer, alpine willow-grouse and Mongolian plover; taiga species include brown bear, wolverine, lynx, wild boar, and Siberian elk. Steppe forest species include red wolf, and steppe species, marbled polecat and the rare Mongolian gazelle. In the mountain booted eagle, and rock partridge.

 

Since the basin spans the geo-climatic boundary between Siberia and Central Asia. Despite its harsh climate, the depression is home to more than 220 bird species recorded. As well as mountain habitats from tundra to desert steppe, the basin has many marshes, wetlands and lakes attracting seabirds, waterfowl and migratory species. Among these are a number of internationally important species such as the Dalmatian pelican, white-headed duck, Baikal teal, imperial eagle, greater spotted eagle, band-tailed fish eagle, Siberian crane, red-crowned crane, hooded crane, relict gull and corncrake.

 

There are two species of fish endemic to western Mongolia which live in Uvs Nuur: Oreoleuciscus potanini and O. pewzowi. They are considered to be relicts of species which lived in the huge ice age lake here. Altai carp Ozelenciscus potanini is also common.

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