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Mongolian culture

MONGOLIAN NEWS

[Monday, April 19, 2010]Successful Steps in Fighting Corruption in Mongolia

live forex rates Mongolia - The "Independent Authority Against Corruption" of Mongolia has published the 2009 income and asset disclosure of 243 of Mongolia's highest level officials.

The international business community is encouraging the Mongolian leadership to take major steps towards transparency in an effort to combat corruption in the private/public sectors.
In 2006 the Mongolian parliament (National Great Hural) passed its first Anti-Corruption Law. The legislation requires that the president of Mongolia, parliament members, judges, central bank governors, auditors, prosecutors, civil servants of ministries,  local government authorities, and state-owned entities  submit their  yearly "Asset and Income Disclosure" (AID) statements.

AIDs is a valuable tool used by the  Mongolian Independent Authority Against Corruption to facilitate transparency and accountability. Once disclosure statements are collected, (15 February was the deadline) IAAC reviews, investigates, and analyzes them. In one case, an official who deliberately submitted a false disclosure was dismissed.

Since its enforcement, several thousand complaints have been received by the IAAC. Those with suspected criminal involvement were investigated, Several hundred cases were transferred to their respective authorities, and about 40 legal proceedings  were completed.

The president of Mongolia has urged IAAC to increase its activities.
"I must conclude that the performance of the Anti-Corruption agency is not satisfactory. Until today, IAAC attended only the slit and tip of corruption, not the core” – said President Elbegdorj in October at a meeting with the IAAC.
   
The 2009 AIDs show that some of the officials enjoy a high level of annual income. Leading the top ten list are three parliament members  D. Zorigt (there are 2 with the same name on the list, this is not the minister for minerals and energy) who earned 19.2milion USD in 2009 (at the exchange rate of 1400 togrog to the USD). Following far behind are B.Chiujilsuren with 2.8million USD and E. Munkh-Ochir with 900,000 USD of income.

Some officials own more than one apartment. Leading the list is G.Bayarsaikhan  with six apartments, following are E. Munkh-Ochir and D.Odbayar with 5 apartments each.

Mongolia is a herding society, Some of the most successful herders serve in the parliament. Herds include horses, camels, cows, goats and sheep.  D.Kekushuzan-Batbayar has a herd that is valued at 269,000 USD. KH.Badamsuren  has a herd estimated at 175,000 USD.  In third place on the top ten list is B.Bat-Erdene   with a herd of 104,000 USD.

Some officials are personally involved in developing the country and have invested large amounts in businesses. Leading the list is again D.Zorigt (not the minister) with 21 million USD of investments.  S.Batbold (Prime Minister) who invested 12 million USD is in second place and third in the top ten investors list is Kh.Battulga (minister of road and transportation) with 8 million USD of investments.

Several officials keep their earnings in saving accounts.  Leading the top ten is P.Ochirbat (member of constitutional court of Mongolia) with 1million USD of savings. In second place is N.Zoljargal (vice president of Mongolian National Bank) with 928,000 USD, and third on the list is J.Ènkhbayar with 642,000 USD.

The international business community was fast to adopt the new rules. Unfortunately the Mongolian citizens have been coerced to pay under the table payments to receive official documents or service they are entitled to receive by law. A recent survey by The Asia Foundation, in partnership with the Sant Maral Foundation found that about 20% of surveyed Mongolians said they were required to pay bribery.

Education is a key factor in changing these habits inherited from the Soviet era that ended 20 years ago in Mongolia. Several TV programs were aired recently to increase public awareness on the cost of corruption and to appeal to the public to report corruption to IAAC’s hotline. A three-part TV drama series entitled “Cost” was completed in February. The drama  is about how corruption affects ordinary lives of people and their families.

Writer or posted by : IBX

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